Truth Commission: Truth and Reconciliation Commission (Commission Verité et Réconciliation) Dates of Operation: July 2003 – February 2007 (3 years, 10 months) Background: The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) gained independence from Belgium in 1960.The years from 1960 to 1966 were marked by violence and political crisis causing the death of some 100,000 people.
Les boursières reçoivent un soutien financier pour les frais associés à la formation pour une période d’environ un an (plafond de 10 000 USD).
Eleven years after the Republic of the Congo gained independence in 1960, president Mobutu renamed the country Zaire in 1971 and ruled the nation under an autocratic and corrupt regime.
Mobutu ruled until 1995, when after the 1994 Rwandan Genocide, many génocidaires fled across Rwanda's western border into the DRC in hopes of escaping censure.
Despite being a patriarchal society, the Luba peoples trace succession and inheritance through the female line.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo, and the east of the country in particular, has been described as the "Rape Capital of the World," and the prevalence and intensity of all forms of sexual violence has been described as the worst in the world.